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7 November 2023

Male Fertility Health

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Written by

Complete Fertility

When it comes to building a family, both partners play a crucial role in the process of conception. While much of the focus is often on female fertility, it's important not to overlook the significance of male fertility. Sperm problems will contribute to about 40% of infertility cases. The normal working of the male reproductive system involves first the production of sufficient numbers of functional sperm cells and then the delivery of these sperm to the ejaculate.

Male fertility health is an essential component of successful conception and a healthy pregnancy. 

Understanding Male Fertility

Male fertility is determined by the quantity and quality of sperm produced. Sperm count, motility (the ability of sperm to swim), and morphology (the shape and size of sperm) are all important factors in male fertility. Several lifestyle and environmental factors can affect these parameters.

Common problems with sperm production

  • Azoospermia – no sperm produced and/or found in the ejaculate.
  • Oligoozspermia – low sperm count
  • Teratospermia, where a high proportion of sperm is abnormally shaped
  • Malformed sperm – in rare cases, genetic diseases may be at fault.
  • Immunological infertility – when you develop antibodies against your own sperm.
  • Blockages in the vas deferens – due to injury or vasectomy
  • Poor-quality sperm – for a wide range of reasons, such as an unhealthy lifestyle

Factors Influencing Male Fertility

  1. Lifestyle and Diet:

    • Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity can lead to hormonal imbalances that affect sperm production.
    • Diet: A balanced diet rich in nutrients like zinc, selenium, and antioxidants can support healthy sperm production.
    • Limit alcohol and tobacco: Excessive alcohol and smoking can harm sperm quality.
  2. Exercise:

    • Regular exercise is crucial for maintaining a healthy body weight and hormone balance. However, excessive, strenuous exercise can have a negative impact on sperm production.
  3. Environmental Factors:

    • Exposure to environmental toxins, such as pesticides, heavy metals, and industrial chemicals, can harm sperm quality.
  4. Sexual Health:

    • Practice safe sex to avoid sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can damage the reproductive organs and reduce fertility.
  5. Medical Conditions and Medications:

    • Certain medical conditions can affect fertility. Medications, such as anabolic steroids and some prescription drugs, can also impact sperm production.

Improving Male Fertility

To improve male fertility, individuals can take proactive steps to enhance their reproductive health:

  1. Regular Check-ups: Consult a healthcare provider for regular check-ups to identify and address any underlying medical issues that could impact fertility.

  2. Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and avoid excessive alcohol consumption and smoking.

  3. Avoid Environmental Hazards: Minimize exposure to environmental toxins and protect the genital area from extreme heat.

  4. Practice Safe Sex: Protect against STIs by using condoms, and seek prompt treatment if you suspect an infection.

  5. Medication Review: If taking medications, consult your healthcare provider to determine their potential impact on fertility.


Male fertility health is a critical aspect of successful conception and a healthy pregnancy. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, and avoiding environmental hazards, men can take proactive steps to improve their fertility. If fertility challenges persist, seeking the guidance of a fertility specialist can help couples achieve their dream of starting a family. Remember, you are not alone, and there are medical professionals and resources available to support you on your fertility journey.

Talk to the team at Complete Fertility today. 





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